For variety of health conditions, prescription medications like central nervous system (CNS) depressants, stimulants, pain relievers are highly beneficial treatments. Individuals can get help by Pain killer to get relief from pain. Prescription medicines are used by most of the people responsibly, who take prescription medication. But some people take medication which are subscribed for others, then it is called as prescription medication abuse. Serious adverse health effects may result by it.
Commonly abused prescription medication:
The following are most commonly abused medical prescription, though many of them can be abused.
- Opioid: These are generally prescribed to treat pain.
- CNS depressants: These are used to treat sleep disorders and anxiety.
- Stimulants: These are used to treat ADHD and narcolepsy.
Opioids: These are pain relieving or analgesic, medications. Properly managed medical use of opioid analgesics is safe, pain can be managed effectively and this is shown by studies.
It can be taken in the form of injection, snorted by crushing the pills into powder form, orally. From the latter routes of administration, a number deaths resulted, particularly with the drug OxyCotin, this was created to be a slow release formulation. Rapid release of the drug into the blood stream is resulted by snorting or injecting opioids.
Specific proteins that found in the spinal cord, brain, gastrointestinal tract, get attached by opioids act. They can effectively change the way a person experiences pain when these compounds attach to certain opioid receptors in the spinal cord and brain.
CNS depressants: These are medications and normal function of the brain is slowed by medications. CNS are categorized in to three types such as Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, Newer sleep medications. These are taken generally orally.
Actions of the neurotransmitter, gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA), is enhanced by them . Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals, communication is facilitated by it between brain cells.
Persons should not combine the CNS depressants with any medication or substance, drowsiness is caused by this, including certain OTC cold medications, prescription pain medications and allergy medications and alcohol. Heart rate and respiration are slowed, if combined.
Stimulants: Attention and energy, alertness are increased by methylphenidate and other stimulants. Blood pressure and heart rate are also increased by them. Blood vessels are constricted, blood glucose is increased. They are used to treat asthma and other respiratory disorders.
For both recreational purposes and performance enhancement, stimulants are being abused.
The brain’s dopamine level can be increased in a rapid manner by stimulants, when taken in doses and routes other than those prescribed. This addiction is like other drugs abuse in disruption of normal communication between producing euphoria and brain cells, then risk of addiction is increased.