Now-a-days people are trying to eat more organic foods because they want their families to consume things that are free from pesticides and synthetic chemicals. We all know that buying organic fruits and vegetables in the super market are quite expensive and sometimes beyond our financial reach. Luckily, with a little attention and care, now we can grow fresh and delicious organic food in our own backyard and enjoy eating them everyday.
The methods that we follow in organic gardening are quite similar to traditional ones except that we will be using natural materials to ward off pests and enhance soil fertility.
Some of the steps involved in organic gardening are –
We all know how important it is to have a good quality of soil to grow the plants well and have a good harvest. While preparing the soil, adding chemical treatments is strictly prohibited because we don’t want to cause any imbalance in the soil by adding synthetic materials. It not only destroys beneficial bacteria but also kills worms and microbes that helps in enhancing soil fertility. So before planning organic gardening, try to supply the soil with plenty of natural nutrients, like compost and fertilizers, to make it more strong and fertile for planting.
Only a gardener with good gardening practices will understand the benefits of adding natural compost to the soil. Mixing compost in the right proportion to the soil will keep the plant healthy, retains moisture, and reduces unwanted weed growth. The best compost is always made from the organic waste which has correct amount of nitrogen and carbon compounds mixed in the right proportion. To make the organic compost generally people use kitchen scraps and garden wastes, which they cover it as layers in a five to six feet pit and wait for two to three months to get decomposed and turn into plant compost.
Choose the right plant
Choosing the plant is another important aspect in gardening which again depends on the type and size of the garden. Small plants & shrubs can be easily accommodated in containers and pots whereas big trees grow well only on ground. Now-a-days vegetable container gardening is gaining popularity as gardeners are using various methods to grow all kinds of vegetables in containers with very minimal resources. Those who are planning to grow organic garden, must ensure to use the seeds or seedlings from the organic plant which has been raised without chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Pesticides & weeds
It is a good thing to encourage natural predators that can be beneficial to your garden like frogs, lady bugs, bees etc. Some pests eat up the whole garden causing a major damage to the entire harvest. Controlling them sometimes becomes hard and many home owners use synthetic pesticides to keep their garden away from these problems. Those who are seeking safer environments must use organic alternatives instead of using these harmful chemicals that may damage the soil as well as the produce. Another issue that takes lot of gardenerers time and effort is weed removal. It is very difficult to remove weeds with hand especially if it is a big garden. Hence, gardeners can reduce their extra work and control the weed growth by covering soil top with organic mulch made of straw, woodchips, lawn clippings etc.