Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the efficacy of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations. Although the terms “educational psychology” and “school psychology” are often used interchangeably, researchers and theorists are likely to be identified as educational psychologists, whereas practitioners in schools or school-related settings are identified as school psychologists. Educational psychology is disturbed with the processes of educational achievement in the general population and in sub-populations such as gifted children and those with specific disabilities.

Educational psychology can in part be understood through its association with other disciplines. It is informed mainly by psychology, bearing a relationship to that discipline equivalent to the relationship between medicine and biology. Educational psychology in revolve informs a broad range of specialties within educational studies, including instructional design, educational technology, prospectus development, organizational learning, special education and classroom management. Educational psychology both draws from and contributes to cognitive science and the learning sciences. In universities, departments of educational psychology are generally housed within faculties of education, possibly accounting for the lack of representation of educational psychology content in initial psychology textbooks.

High rates of education are necessary for countries to accomplish high levels of economic growth. In theory poor countries should grow faster than rich countries because they can approve cutting edge technologies already tried and tested by rich countries. But economists dispute that if the gap in education between a rich and a poor nation is too large, as is the case between the poorest and the richest nations in the world, the transfer of these technologies that drive economic growth becomes hard, thus the economies of the world’s poorest nations be idle.

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